This cartridge is designed for accurately marking the position of a man or unit located beneath moderately thick foliage for aerial observation. The cartridge has the advantage of less weight and bulk and greater accuracy than comparable existing signals. It is fired from 40mm Grenade Launchers M79 and M203 (attached to the M16 series rifle).
The cartridge is a fixed round of ammunition consisting of a projectile assembly and a cartridge case assembly The projectile is a hollow, one-piece aluminum body with a rotating band. A plastic ogive is snapped into an O-ring in the front opening of the projectile cavity. The color of the ogive denotes smoke color. The cavity contains a pyrotechnic ignition candle and an aluminum canister containing yellow smoke composition attached to a rotating “X” type parachute. A 2-second ignition delay element is crimped into the center of the metal delay carrier. The delay carrier is threaded into the projectile base. A cavity about the delay element contains an ejection charge pellet consisting of 1.2 grams of black powder. The igniter and smoke canister are seated above the ejection charge in the projectile cavity. The projectile assembly is press-fitted into an O-ring in the cartridge case opening. The case is a hollow aluminum bichambered cylinder with a metal closing plug crimped into the base of the cartridge case. The propellant cup is sealed in the bottom by the closing plug. A percussion primer is fitted into the center of the closing plug. The cup acts as a high-pressure chamber, and the cavity around the cup in the cartridge case acts as a low-pressure chamber.
Filler - Yellow smoke composition (59 g, 2.11 oz)
M195 cartridge case
Propellant - M9, 330 mg
Primer - M42 Percussion
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